Haiti Haiti is the first Black Country to become independent. On the 1st of January 1804, Jean – Jacques Dessalines declared Haiti independent. Haiti became the first black led republic and the first Caribbean country to become an independent state.
Haiti is also the first country in the western hemisphere to completely abolish slavery. As the year past, Haiti has come to be the poorest country in the western world. Before this time, Haiti was under the French colonial control and slavery in till the early 19th century.