Fascism is a form of radical ultra-nationalism. It is characterized by dictatorial power, forcible suppression of opposition, and strong regimentation of society and the economy, which came to be in early 20th century Europe. Opposed to liberalism, Marxism, and anarchism, fascism is usually placed on the far-right spectrum.
In Germany, a fascist regime was established under Hitler. With the rise of Hitler and Nazi's power in 1933, liberal democracy was dissolved in Germany, and the Nazi's mobilized the country for war. In fascist Italy and Nazi Germany, both Mussolini and Hitler pursued territorial expansionist foreign policy agendas from the 1930's through the 1940's.