Germany, Italy, Japan. The Axis Powers alliance formed in 1936. These nations fought against the alliance of the Allied forces. The Axis Powers, also known as the Rome–Berlin–Tokyo Axis. It started as a treaty between Germany and Italy.
It was known as a friendship treaty, which started the Rome-German Axis. The Axis name was coined by Italy's dictator Benito Mussolini. Adolf Hitler was the leader of Germany, while Emperor Hirohito was the leader of Japan. Their highlight of World War II was that they had control of many parts of Africa and Asia.