Although both Mesopotamia and ancient Egypt practiced polytheism, which is they believe in multiple gods and goddesses, they had many differences. Mesopotamia and ancient Egypt worshipped different gods and goddesses.
In ancient Egypt, the leader, Pharaoh, is considered a god. The Pharaoh had rights and control throughout Egypt, but in Mesopotamia, the leader is regarded as an intermediary between God and the people.
The leaders were interpreters of divine rules, but they were not considered gods. In Mesopotamia, different cities worshipped different gods. Egyptians believed in the afterlife and resurrection of the dead.
For this reason, Pharaohs were preserved in mummy with all the things necessary for daily use. Mesopotamia religion did not believe in an afterlife.
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D. Peter, Software Developer, B.E (Bachelor of Engineering), Mexico
Answered Nov 20, 2019
The term Mesopotamia refers to the Tigris Euphrates river system. Mesopotamian’s historical existence parallels the Bronze Age Mesopotamia included Sumerian, Akkadian, Babylonian, Assyrian empires. Religion existed for thousands of years.
Polytheism was the chief religious ideology. In the ancient civilizations of Mesopotamia and Egypt, the religious doctrine was implanted in the social and personal life of the people. Religious laws and customs were integral to the daily life of the people.
Egyptian religion believes deeply in the afterlife, and this is not the belief held by the Mesopotamian religion. The Pharaohs of Egypt were considered gods. Dynasties ruled both civilizations, and the kings were believed to rule by divine power.