Lenin had come to power and the very antithesis of his ideology was the concept of royal power and precedence. the Romanovs were not just a royal family, they were a dynasty that had reigned Russia for 300 years. To rid the whole country of even a faint possibility that royal power could return, Lenin had the whol family executed.
Tsar Nicholas II; the Tsarina, Alexandra Feodorovna, born Princess Alix of Hesse; Alexei, the Tsarevitch; and four other children, Olga, Tatiana, Maria and Anastasia all died.
The people had been in poverty while this family lived in the greatest luxury. However, this does not excuse the truly terrible treatment they received in the week or so before their execution.
The Romanov family (Tsar Nicholas II, wife, 5 children and many others) were shot in Yekaterinburg on the night of 16 – 17th July 1918 under the orders of the Ural Regional Soviet and according to instructions by Lenin. Emperor
Alexander III, Nicholas' father believed that a Tsar had to rule with an iron fist. He forbade anyone within the Russian Empire to speak non-Russian languages; this weakened his people’s political institutions.
Nicholas inherited a restless Russia. Some days after his coronation, over a thousand of his subjects died during a huge stampede. Throughout his reign as Tsar, he faced discontent from his subject; he fought a war the people didn’t support. His government killed unarmed protesters during a peaceful assembly in 1905.
During World War 1, Russia was unprepared for the scale of magnitude fighting which led to the death of millions of soldiers and civilians. Nicholas was forced to step down. Bolshevik revolutionaries led by Lenin took over the Government. They took the family into captivity and eventually killed them.