During the Age of Exploration there was an improvement in ship design. Ships were created with stronger hulls and sleeker lines. The sails that were created were more wind efficient and they led to the ability to sail into oncoming wind. The ships began to move faster in water and draw less wind resistance due to the new hull shapes. Rudders were further designed and attached to a ship by iron hinges.
The astronomical compass was greatly improved, this navigational tool allowed navigators to have more idea about where they were headed. Also, celestial navigation techniques were developed; this allowed sailors to determine their position relative to the star and sun. This allowed ships to travel farther from the shore without being lost at sea.