Social cohesion is defined as the extent of connectedness among groups in society. Social cohesion defines two dimensions with include the sense of belonging of a community and relationship among members in the community itself.
It is a social process that aims to consolidate the togetherness of the citizens by reducing socioeconomic disparities and inequalities. This will cause growth in the community and even distribution of wealth.
Social cohesion was derived from the democratic effort; it uses to establish social balance, national identity, and economic dynamism. It shows the people’s need for both personal development and a degree of belonging and links together individual social justice, economic efficiency, fair shares of resources, and freedom. Sustaining a joined and united group is one of the goals of social cohesion.
There are many definitions of social cohesion. It is a very broad concept.Social cohesion is a measure of how successful a group is at co-existing. It is defined as the interactions between each unit of that social group and their efficiency at maintaining the norms, rules, and beliefs of that particular group. Social cohesion can also be defined as a measure of an individual’s bonding to a particular social entity. The entity can be anything from a frat house to a corporate company.
Social cohesion is usually composed of three main components:
Social inclusion: It is the way of improving the terms of individuals who decide to take part in the entity. For e.g. Every Employee of a company getting an equal chance at promotion.
Social capital: The resources a social entity has for which the unit decides to cooperate is known as social capital. It is the reward for which the units work to get at common ends.
Social mobility: The ability of units of the entity to move up and down a group through status, wealth and other factors is known as mobility.