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Pulmonary Questions and Answers (Q&A)

John Smith
Answered: Sep 22, 2020
Smoking -(c) correct. smoking remains the most frequent cause of lung cancer. lung cancer does, however, occur in nonsmokers. a small cell anaplastic carcinoma, as in this patient, is virtually...Read More

2 Answers

298 views
John Smith
Answered: Sep 22, 2020
Squamous cell carcinoma -(e) correct. most squamous cell carcinomas are located centrally and arise in bronchi, leading to obstruction of a large airway that can cause a lipid pneumonia. in this...Read More

1 Answer

285 views
John Smith
Answered: Sep 22, 2020
Chronic bronchitis -(c) correct. chronic bronchitis is defined clinically as a person who has persistent cough with sputum production for at least 3 months in at least 2 consecutive years. air...Read More

2 Answers

278 views
John Smith
Answered: Sep 22, 2020
Bronchial asthma -(d) correct. in an acute asthmatic episode, there can be an outpouring of mucus which, along with some dehydration, can lead to the formation of mucus plugs. the asthmatic episodes...Read More

2 Answers

264 views
John Smith
Answered: Sep 22, 2020
Sarcoidosis -(c) correct. sarcoidosis is typified by non-caseating granulomas. however, culture of the tissue and a careful search histologically should be made for organisms.(a) incorrect....Read More

1 Answer

252 views
John Smith
Answered: Sep 22, 2020
Lung abscess -(b) correct. a lung abscesses can result from aspiration of oropharyngeal or nasopharyageal contents, where bacterial organisms as part of normal flora can be picked up and transported...Read More

1 Answer

248 views
John Smith
Answered: Sep 22, 2020
Diffuse alveolar damage -(e) correct. diffuse alveolar damage (or ards as it is known clinically) is the final event following lung injury from a variety of serious illnesses or accidents. in this...Read More

1 Answer

248 views
John Smith
Answered: Sep 22, 2020
Staphylococcus aureus -a) correct. pulmonary abscesses typically have an air-fluid level. more virulent bacterial organisms such as staphylococcus aureus are likely to cause such a complication of a...Read More

1 Answer

234 views
John Smith
Answered: Sep 22, 2020
Bronchiectasis -(b) correct. the chronic lung disease of cystic fibrosis often includes bronchiectasis, a disease characterized by inflammation with obstruction and dilation and destruction of...Read More

1 Answer

232 views
John Smith
Answered: Sep 22, 2020
Acid fast bacilli -(e) correct. the hemoptysis suggests that the granulomas have eroded enough parenchyma and involved a bronchus. a granulomatous reaction is typical for mycobacterium...Read More

1 Answer

231 views
John Smith
Answered: Sep 22, 2020
Nicotine -(d) correct. she has findings of emphysema, and smoking is the most likely underlying cause. the nicotine in the cigarette smoke is chemotactic for neutrophils, and cigarette smoke...Read More

1 Answer

230 views
John Smith
Answered: Sep 22, 2020
Foreign body aspiration -(a) correct. an inhaled object could obstruct a bronchus completely, with air resorbtion and collapse of lung distal to the point of obstruction. this produces a shunt...Read More

1 Answer

225 views
John Smith
Answered: Sep 22, 2020
Decreased serum alpha-1-antitrypsin -(d) correct. aat deficiency leads to lack of an anti-protease, which leads to development of emphysema, typically a panlobular type affecting lower lobes more...Read More

1 Answer

221 views
John Smith
Answered: Sep 22, 2020
Thromboembolism -(e) correct. an embolus to a medium-sized arterial branch is not large enough to kill the patient, but large enough to cause an infarction. her bedridden state predisposes her to...Read More

1 Answer

218 views
John Smith
Answered: Sep 22, 2020
Retain, excrete

HCO3- = bicarb = the base of the system. So keeping it will raise pH, getting rid of it will lower pH. CO2 = the acid of the system

1 Answer

216 views
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