Is it bad when a piece of meat turns brown? - ProProfs Discuss
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Is it bad when a piece of meat turns brown?

Asked by Northcliff, Last updated: Jan 13, 2023

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Adam O

Adam O' Brien

Adam O' Brien
Adam O' Brien

Answered Oct 24, 2017

These are just a few of the many questions received at the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Meat and Poultry Hotline concerning the color of meat and poultry. Color is important when meat and poultry are purchased, stored, and cooked. Often an attractive, bright color is a consideration for the purchase. The steaks should be fine. As the U.S. Department of Agriculture points out, it’s normal for fresh meat to change color during refrigerator storage. For instance, it’s common for beef to turn more of a brownish shade, due to oxidation. Optimum surface color of fresh meat (i.e., cherry-red for beef; dark cherry-red for lamb; grayish-pink for pork; and pale pink for veal) is highly unstable and short-lived. When meat is fresh and protected from contact with air (such as in vacuum packages), it has the purple-red color that comes from myoglobin, one of the two key pigments responsible for the color of meat.

When exposed to air, myoglobin forms the pigment, oxymyoglobin, which gives meat a pleasingly cherry-red color. The use of a plastic wrap that allows oxygen to pass through it helps ensure that the cut meats will retain this bright red color. However, exposure to store lighting as well as the continued contact of myoglobin and oxymyoglobin with oxygen leads to the formation of metmyoglobin, a pigment that turns meat brownish-red. This color change alone does not mean the product is spoiled

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