Run island is one of the smallest islands of the banda islands, which are a part of indonesia. it is about 3 km long and less than 1 km wide.
- in the 17th century, run was of great economic importance, due to the value of the spices nutmeg and mace which are obtained from the nutmeg tree (myristica fragans)
- during the history of the spice trade, sailors of the english east india company of the second expedition of james lancaster, john davis and john middleton who stayed in bantam on java, first reached the island in 1603 and developed good contacts with the inhabitants.
- captain nathaniel courthope reached run to defend it against the claims of the dutch east india company.
- a contract with the inhabitants was signed accepting the english king as sovereign of the island. as a result, run is considered to be the first english overseas colony.
- according to the treaty of westminster ending the first anglo-dutch war of 16521654, run should have been returned to england
- the first attempt in 1660 failed due to formal constraints by the dutch; after the second in 1665 the english traders were expelled in the same year, and the dutch destroyed the nutmeg trees. while in return run was formally abandoned to the dutch.
- dutch monopoly on nutmeg and mace was destroyed by the transfer of nutmeg trees to ceylon, grenada, singapore and other british colonies in 1817, after the capture of the main island, bandalontor, in 1810 by captain cole, leading to the decline of the dutch supremacy in the spice trade. there are, however, still nutmeg trees growing on run today