The function of the Golgi apparatus in sorting membrane components. The Golgi Apparatus' function is to separate the protein and lipids into vesicles and pack them differently for transport with the help of enzymes. Golgi does this job and it changes the structures of proteins and lipids through various processes. Hence, how the Golgi reacts to a particular substance gives away its sorting procedure and the nature of the substance that's been sorted.
In the eukaryotic cell, there are many parts. There are lipids and proteins between the membranes of the endomembrane system. The endomembrane system are in the cytoplasm within these cells.
In the system, the parts include organelles, nuclear membrane, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus, lysosomes, vesicles, endosomes. Each of these parts performs a function in order to allow the entire eukaryotic cell to function. One part is known as the Golgi apparatus.
The function of the Golgi apparatus is in sorting the membrane components. The Golgi apparatus looks like a bunch of sacs. These sacs are called the cisternae. There are also vacuoles. Vacuoles are similar to vesicles and are also sacs located inside the cell. Eukaryotic cells are known as plant cells.
In Biology the difference in lipid and protein composition between the membranes of the endomembrane system is largely determined by the function of the Golgi apparatus when sorting membrane components. The Golgi apparatus receives proteins and lipids from the rough endoplasmic reticulum.
After receiving these the Golgi apparatus modifies some of the proteins and lipids while sorting some of them as well as packing and concentrating them into sealed droplets that are known as vesicles. The Golgi apparatus is an organelle that is found in most eukaryotic cells.