Focused interview questions, mouth and throat dysphagia is difficulty in swallowing and may be due to a neurologic or gastrointestinal problem, or it may be related to ill-fitting dentures or malocclusion. Gingivitis is inflammation of the gingivae (gums) and not associated with dysphagia. Loss of sense of taste and smell is not related to swallowing difficulties. a sore throat is called pharyngitis and is not related to difficulty in swallowing. Nursing process step: assessment cognitive level: application client need: physiological integrity.