The country which owns Novaya Zemlya is Russia. It is archipelago within the Arctic Ocean in the northern part of Russia and the north-eastern part of Europe. It covers an area of 90,650 square kilometers and a population of more than 2,000 people. The temperature in this area can range as high as 30 degrees Celsius to as low as negative 40 degrees Celsius.
Novaya Zemlya served different purposes in Russia, among of which was the nuclear testing site almost the entire time of the Cold War. The last known testing happened in 1990 when Greenpeace activists staged a protest at the different sites in the island so that nuclear testing would be stopped. Throughout the whole time the island was used as a nuclear testing site, there is a recorded 244 nuclear tests in the area.