The Asian country with a name that means “land of the free” is Thailand. The capital city is Bangkok, and the country was formerly known as Siam. (For any “King and I” fans, this is the modern day country.) Despite the name meaning “land of the free”, the people have struggled with having a continuous freedom. Military junta rule and parliamentary democracy cycle through the government periodically, and they are currently in a period of military junta rule.
Despite many systems of rule being attempted between 1948 and the present day, a monarch has always been at the top, whether or not they had full power. At the moment, the king is very much like the king (but at the moment, Queen) of England. He has very little actual power, but is a figurehead and remains as a position of power for ceremonies and such.