In geography, the EQUATOR is an imaginary midline dividing the earth’s surface into two equal parts, which are called the northern hemisphere and the southern hemisphere.
The northern hemisphere consists of continents such as North America, the northern part of South America, Europe and the northern two-thirds of Africa, and most of Asia.
The southern hemisphere, on the other hand, consists of most parts of South America, one-third of Africa, Australia, and some Asia islands.
The equator is considered to be at 0 degrees latitude and represents the hottest part of the world. These areas around this great line get very hot because it is the region closest to the Sun.
The differences that we noticed in the climate of the hemispheres is because the earth has a seasonal tilt toward and away from the sun. In the Northern hemisphere, the summer months are from June to September, and this period represents winter in the Southern Hemisphere. The southern hemisphere begins in December and ends in March, and this represents winter in the Northern hemisphere.
The equator is the line that divides the earth evenly into the Northern and Southern hemispheres. This line is considered to be 0 degrees latitude and the hottest part of the world. Areas around the equator get so hot because it is the area of land or water closest to the sun.
Places near this area also see fewer seasonal changes—it is quite tropical year-round. The equator is also invisible with no physical markings except ones constructed by locals. A common misconception about the line that divides the northern and southern hemispheres is that by crossing it, water drains the opposite way. This is not true and can be seen by flushing toilets just north or south of 0 degrees latitude.
The line that divides the earth into two parts in a horizontal manner is the equator. Take note that this is an invisible line. You will not see it if you would look at the Earth from a distance. Do remember that the closer the countries are to the equator, the hotter it gets. The equator usually faces the sun most of the time every year. Take note that those who are in the equator usually experience a consistent temperature all-year round.
It will just depend on their location if they would also experience rainy seasons or not. The countries that are located in the northern and southern parts of the Earth usually experience four seasons. Those that are near the equator do not experience all the seasons. Rather, the climate can just be sunny or rainy.
The equator divides the earth into two equal parts. It is found at 0 degrees east-west. The closer one gets to the equator, the hotter it gets, and the less the seasons look different. This has to do with how the equator faces the sun. Since the equator straddles the earth around its waist, it faces the sun pretty much every day of the year.
The temperatures stay pretty consistent each year, and there’s a very mild winter there every year. Anything above the equator is in the northern hemisphere of the earth. Anything below it is the southern hemisphere. This is why South America is in the southern hemisphere, but Russia is in the northern hemisphere, even though both hemispheres get cold at the poles.