There are seven continents on Earth. They are Europe, Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Australia, and Antarctica. A continent is a large mass of land that has been isolated or divided. Each continent contains countries. These continents began as one large land area on Earth millions of years ago. This large mass was known as Pangea. Over time, the land mass broke apart into what is now the continents.
Some ideas of why this large mass broke apart include national disasters like volcanic eruptions and earthquakes. Each continent is located in a certain hemisphere including the western hemisphere, eastern hemisphere, northern Hemisphere and southern Hemisphere. The division between the northern and southern hemisphere is the equator. The division between the western and eastern hemisphere is the Prime Meridian line.