The five climate zones are as follows: 1 torrid, 2 temperate and 2 frigid. Earth is comprised of five main latitude regions and these regions are also comprised of geographical zones which are divided by circles of latitude. We have one (1) Torrid Zone and this zone is bound by the Tropic of Cancer on the north and Tropic of Capricorn on the south. Temperate zones include places such as Europe, North America, Northern Asia and Central America wherein the climate ranges from warm to cool. We have two (2) temperate zones namely the North Temperate Zone located between the Tropic of Cancer and the Arctic Circle and the South Temperate Zone located between the Tropic of Capricorn and the Antarctic Circle.
Frigid zones are also called the Polar Regions because they experience the midnight sun and the polar night for one day – this happens because there is a day during winter when the Sun cannot be seen and one day during summer when the sun remains for 24 hours. We have two (2) Frigid Zones namely the North Frigid Zone which is located between the Arctic Circle and the North Pole and the South Frigid Zone which is located in the Antarctic Circle and the South Pole.