Instituting infection control precautions-acute lymphocytic leukemia (all) causes leukopenia, resulting in immunosuppression and increasing the risk of infection, a leading cause of death in children with all. therefore, the initial priority nursing intervention would be to institute infection control precautions to decrease the risk of infection. iron-rich foods help with anemia, but dietary iron is not an initial intervention. the prognosis of all usually is good. however, later on, the nurse may need to assist the child and family with coping since death and dying may still be an issue in need of discussion. injections should be discouraged, owing to increased risk from bleeding due to thrombocytopenia.