What is the difference between meosis and mitosis? - ProProfs Discuss
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What is the difference between meosis and mitosis?



Asked by Burnett, Last updated: Nov 21, 2021

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6 Answers

Barry Mclean

Barry Mclean

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Barry Mclean
Barry Mclean, Sales Manager, MBA, Ewa

Answered Feb 19, 2021

Mitosis and meiosis are a result of cell division. Mitosis is a sexual reproduction where cells divide into two, while meiosis is a cellular reproduction in which the number of chromosomes is reduced in half. Mitosis results in two identical daughter cells, while meiosis results in four sex cells.

Mitosis daughter cells have identical genes; they occur in organisms except for viruses. They have a shorter prophase, and no combination occurs in the prophase. It involves one cell division which results in a diploid. It creates all body cells.

Meiosis daughter cells are not genetically identical; they only occur in animals and plants. There prophase 1 takes much longer and involves the crossing of chromosomes in prophase 1. Meiosis creates germs cells. It involves the two successive cell divisions and results in haploid.

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D. gray

D. gray

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D. gray
D. gray, Builder, Builder, Las Vegas

Answered Feb 19, 2021

In the mitosis process, the genetic material such as DNA that is present in a cell is duplicated and also equally divided between two cells. There is an ordered series of events through which this dividing cell goes, and this series of events is referred to as the cell cycle.

The presence of some growth factors or even some other signals that show the need for the production of new cells initiate the mitotic cell cycle. On the other hand, meiosis refers to the process whereby sex cells or gametes are generated in sexually reproducing organisms.

The female and male’s gonads are the location for the production of gametes and consist of half of the original cell’s number of chromosomes. When genetic recombination occurs during meiosis, there is an introduction of new gene combinations. Unlike the mitosis process, the meiosis process leads to the production of four cells that different genetically.

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J. Shatner

J. Shatner

J. Shatner
J. Shatner, Content writer, Boston

Answered Feb 18, 2021

Meiosis and mitosis's main difference is that mitosis produces two daughter cells genetically identical to the parent cell. In comparison, Meiosis produces four daughter cells containing half of the genetic cells containing half the parent cell's material. Mitosis creates new cells, while Meiosis produces gametes.

Mitosis is a cell division whose daughter cells become haploid since the parent cell is haploid. It produces two diploid daughter cells from the diploid parent cell. The phases in which mitosis occurs include interphase, prophase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase. On the other hand, Meiosis is a kind of cell division that is helpful in sexual reproduction. It involves the development of haploid gametes, which come together and form the diploid zygote.

Since the gametes are haploid, the merging of gametes is possible. Genetic recombination occurs during meiotic cell division. It permits genetic variations to be introduced in the generations. Meiosis involves two cell divisions, which include meiosis l and Meiosis II. At the end of Meiosis, the four daughter cells that are formed are not genetically identical.

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C. Reyes

C. Reyes

C. Reyes
C. Reyes

Answered Feb 12, 2021

A lot of people do not realize that meiosis and mitosis are going to be different from each other. When you say mitosis, you are referring to the division of body cells. For meiosis, you are referring to the division of sex cells.

There are two daughter cells that can be produced after the process of cytoplasmic division and mitosis. In the process of meiosis, there are four daughter cells are produced. The daughter cells that come from the process of mitosis are called diploid.

While the daughter cells that come from meiosis will be called haploid. When it comes to genetics in mitosis. For meiosis, daughter cells are going to be identical for mitosis. Daughter cells are going to be genetically different from genetics.

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L. Gibson

L. Gibson

L. Gibson
L. Gibson, Science Professor

Answered Feb 10, 2021

Mitosis and meiosis are processes of cell division and reproduction in cellular organisms. Mitosis is simply the process of division of a cell nucleus in which the genome is copied and separated into two identical halves. It is normally followed by a cell division. The daughter cells produced are genetically identical. The diploid cells also have the same number of chromosomes are the same as parent cells.

Mitosis occurs in all organisms except viruses. In mitosis, there is no recombination or crossing over.
Meiosis is the process of division of a diploid cell into four haploid cells, which develop to produce a gamete (egg or sperm cells) only. The daughter cells produced genetically different.

The chromosome number is halved from the parent cells. Meiosis occurs in animals, plants, and also fungi. Finally, recombination and crossing over occur in meiosis, specifically during prophase.

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John Smith

John Smith

John Smith
John Smith

Answered Sep 08, 2016

Both mitosis and meiosis are mechanisms that describe cell division. The difference is particularly noticeable when one looks at the dna in the cells nucleus: after mitosis, each of the daughter cells will have exactly the same dna strands, while after meiosis each daughter cell will only have half of the dna strands. Sometimes the division is not exactly half/half, but that is not important for this answer.

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