- The first thing you should know when doing long division is that you will always divide the dividend by the divisor. The dividend usually comes under the long division symbol, and the divisor will attach to it by its left.
- The next thing you will need to do is to divide the first digit of the dividend by the divisor. For instance, say we are dividing 64 by 4, i.e., 4⟌64. Here, 64 is the dividend, and 4 is the divisor. It is important to note that your answer should be on top of the long division symbol.
- Let's start by saying how many times can you divide 4 into 6. The answer is 1.
- Put the answer on the top of the long division symbol and multiply it by the divisor. The answer is 4, i.e., 1×4=4. Then, put this answer under the first digit of the dividend and subtract. The answer is 2.
- At this point, you will need to bring down the second digit of the dividend and attach it to "2" to given 24. Then, divide 24 by 4. The answer is 6. Put the answer on the top of the long division symbol. Then multiply the answer and the divisor. The answer is 24.
- Then, say 24 minus 24, the answer is zero. Here, the result of this long division is 16.
Long division is a way to solve a division problem with large numbers. To be good with the long division, you need to have good knowledge about addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. These units will guide you through the long division.
Here are some steps you can follow that will guide you through your long division.
1. First, you have to write down the problem in long division format
2. Divide the first digits, working from left to right, and determine how many times the divisor can go through the dividend first digits without exceeding it.
3. Multiply the number you have on top with the divisor, the number you get, subtract it from the dividend if it ends at 0, that’s the end of the long division, but if otherwise, repeat the process by using the number gotten from the subtraction as the dividend.