The Ottoman Empire's capital was Istanbul, while the Roman Empire's capital was Rome. In the Ottoman Empire, only the son of the sultan could supplant him as a ruler. On the other hand, the Roman Empire was a republic with a senate that would vote on who would be appointed Caesar. The two empires also had their own spiritual, scientific, cultural, and political structures.
The Ottoman Empire's soldiers had more sophisticated weapons than Roman soldiers, as guns did not exist 2000 years ago. Roman engineers mostly concentrated on producing vaults, arches, and systems to serve the cities' plethora. The Ottoman Empire had only one state religion, which was Islam. Even though non-Muslim subjects were urged to convert to Islam, Christians and Jews were allowed to adhere to their beliefs in agreement with Umar ibn al-Khattab's Treaty.
The Roman Empire supported the worship of an assortment of deities in a building known as the Pantheon. The Pantheon included worship of gods like Mars, Apollo, Pluto, Neptune, Jupiter, Janus, and Bacchus and certain goddesses, such as Venus and Juno. In Roman society, slaves did not have rights. However, In the Ottoman Empire, there were Islamic laws that guaranteed slaves certain rights.
The Ottoman Empire and the Roman Empire were two world powers. However, one of the differences between the two empires is the time they became world powers. The Roman Empire was a world power from 27BC to 476AD. On the other hand, the Ottoman Empire dominated the world from 1299AD and 1923AD. During the time of its reign as a world power, Istanbul was the capital of the Ottoman Empire. The capital of the Roman Empire was Rome. Another difference that can be seen is that the Ottoman Empire lasted more than the Roman Empire. If you do the calculation, the Roman Empire was a world power for just five and a half centuries. In contrast to this, the Ottoman Empire used more centuries as a world power. Also, when you compare the political, scientific, religious, and cultural structures of the two empires, the Ottoman Empire was more advanced than the Roman Empire.
The Ottoman Empire has a different capital as compared to Rome. The empire of the Ottoman is in Istanbul. The capital of the Roman Empire in Rome. Another difference between the two is that in the Ottoman Empire, the only person who can succeed the ruler is his only son. For the Roman Empire, the next ruler does not have to be the emperor’s son. There will be a senate hearing wherein the new ruler will be voted. The name of the ruler will be “Caesar” for the Roman Empire. For the Ottoman Empire, the ruler will be called as “Sultan.” Between the two, the Ottoman Empire was bigger because it has ruled a lot of land during its peak but the Roman Empire was also huge during its prime.
The Ottoman and Roman Empire have a lot of differences. The capital of the Roman Empire is in Rome while the capital of the Ottoman is in Istanbul. Another difference is who will be next in line for the throne. You can expect that for the Ottoman Empire, the ruler needs to have a son. The son will be next in life for the throne. For the Roman Empire, the next in line for the throne will be voted depending on the senate. People usually think that these two empires are the same because the Ottoman Empire seems to be like a continuation of the Roman Empire. There are different people, laws, and rules that were followed for these two empires.
The Ottoman and the Roman Empire are known to be large which is why there are some people who have gotten confused about the two. The Ottoman Empire is known to be stretched across Istanbul. In fact, Istanbul is known to be its capital. The Roman Empire’s capital is in Rome. This alone will already let you know the difference between the two.
In the Ottoman Empire, it is the son of the emperor who will be the rightful heir to the throne. This means that only the son can become a ruler. This is very different from the Roman Empire wherein there are different people who are trying their best to get the throne.