What is the difference between Outbreak and Epidemic? - ProProfs Discuss
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What is the difference between Outbreak and Epidemic?

Asked by E. Reyes, Last updated: Feb 02, 2023

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Samantha Stewart

Samantha Stewart

Love to do some charity work. Have a passion for writing and do it in my spare time

Samantha Stewart
Samantha Stewart, Philanthropist, Post Graduate, Corpus Christi

Answered Oct 26, 2020

An outbreak and an epidemic are two different things that are used differently in a context.
An outbreak can be simply defined as a sudden occurrence of a disease in an area in greater numbers than its normal occurrence. All the cases in an outbreak are interconnected.

An outbreak can take a short or long duration before it ends. An outbreak can affect few people to tens of thousands. An outbreak can be localized in a small community or specific location.

An epidemic can be defined as a widespread disease. An epidemic generally affects a bigger population when compared to an outbreak. One of the major character tics of the epidemic is that there is a continuous transmission of the causative agent among individuals. An epidemic affects more individuals when compared to an outbreak.

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L. Sevigny

L. Sevigny

L. Sevigny
L. Sevigny, Doctor, Las Vegas

Answered May 05, 2020

An outbreak is unforeseen of a disease in a specific area in more significant numbers than it typically occurs. The outbreak could be confined in a small area, but it may also appear in a broader region. An example of an epidemic is the E Coli infection.

However, the outbreaks are more localized, whereas an epidemic is widespread. An epidemic has a higher number of cases of a particular disease in a specific area. It usually has a considerable impact on a more significant population, as opposed to an outbreak, and the epidemic process is characterized by a perpetual transmission of the virus or sickness among individuals.

There are three factors needed to create an epidemic. These include a source of the infectious process, the spread of the illness, and susceptible disease individuals.

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