Acute diseases are diseases that occur suddenly, while chronic is described as long-lasting and developing an illness. Acute symptoms develop immediately, while chronic symptoms have slow growth and worsen over time.
Acute is expected to be brief and resolve in less than six months, while chronic goes beyond six months. Chronic does not mean fatal or some illness that will shorten your life; it just explains that the condition is non-curable but can be managed example is diabetes or high blood pressure, while acute does not mean new or severe it just shows a quick development that needs immediate medical intervention.
Some illness is labeled chronic if there is no expectation of a cure like arthritis. Most acute are communicable, while the chronic disease is non-communicable. Acute diseases are caused by infectious agents, while chronic diseases are not caused by infectious diseases.
Acute and chronic typically refer to different types of illnesses from a medical standpoint. Acute is sudden and unexpected, but it does not last long, while traditional means that it persists and hangs around for a long time. Acute could last for hours or days, while chronic can last for up to three months or more. Some acute conditions are life-threatening.
For example, the sickness that the whole world is dealing with, COVID-19, is a critical illness. The flu is also considered as an acute illness. Chronic diseases, on the other hand, can be a gradual arrival and slowly progressive disease. These include diabetes and hypertension, both of which require long term treatment.
Acute and chronic when used to describe disease is that acute means brief, dangerous, and an extremely severe pain disease while chronic refers to a medical condition that lasts over a long period.
Chronic can be defined as something that recurs, habitual, and always present, while acute refers to a geometrical angle that is less than 90 degrees.
In the medical field, acute always means the onset of disease, while chronic refers to a disease that grows and develops gradually and slowly.
In an acute medical condition, the people might recover quickly, but in chronic conditions, the disease may last for a lifetime and may take a long time to be relieved. Acute pain starts suddenly, which is a result of injury or a certain medical condition, while chronic pain is a slow-growing process of pain developing in certain parts of the body.
When it comes to hospitalization, acute pain may not need it since their cases are reversible, while a chronic patient might be hospitalized, and their cases are not reversible.
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Isabel Mathew, Software engineer, BS(Bachelor of Science), Austin,Texas
Answered May 12, 2020
Acute conditions are those that may happen suddenly. There are times when people do not even know that they would suffer from it. One example of this is an asthma attack. When someone has asthma, this means that the onset of it can be sudden, but it will go away over time, provided that the right safety measures will be followed.
When someone has a chronic disease, this is something that the person has to live with every day for the rest of the person’s life. For example, someone who has an autoimmune disease would need to live with the disease for a long time. Another example of chronic disease is scoliosis, which people may have to live with for a long time.