Basin and valley are different formations on earth, though they are of similar shapes. A basin is an oval or circular natural depression on the earth’s surface that contains water, while a valley is a low land that exists between hills and mountains, normally with a river or stream.
The word basin was derived from an Old French word basin. A land that descends into a river or a stream is called a basin. The word valley was derived from the word “valee.”
Valleys can be categorized by climates that are different from the existing one. A small river basin can also be called a watershed. Basins are wider than valleys as a valley is very narrow. A basin is way shorter than a valley. Basins are characterized by the flow of streams and creeks, while valley can be characterized based on their methods of formation.
Basin and valley are both depressions on the surface of the earth. However, one of the major differences between a basin and a valley is that basins are surrounded by higher lands while valleys are surrounded by uplands, hills, and mountains.
Due to the structure of a basin, it usually contains water because water can easily drain into it. That is why you might see some people referring to a basin as a watershed. A valley, on the other hand, can be defined as an elongated depression on the earth's surface between mountains or hills, which usually has a river flowing through it.
The major characteristics of a basin are streams as well as creeks because they help in draining the water that falls on the land into a river. The shape of a basin is different from that of a valley; while the former has a circular shape, the latter has a shape that looks like the letter V.
Basin and Valleys are related to geography. One of the differences between the two is the size. Valleys are larger. The size of the valley can depend on how the valley is form. An example of a valley is a rift valley. This type of valley is formed through plate tectonics.
The valley's shape is based on the flow of the stream. There are also valleys that form through glaciers. These are shaped like a V. The shape of a basin is like a circle. Basins have characteristics like being streams and creeks. They help drain water that falls from the river.
Generally, valleys are larger than basins, which are narrower, and what encompasses a valley can be determined by how it is formed. Rift valleys, for example, are created because of plate tectonics. The actual shape of the valley is dependent upon the stream from which it flows. For instance, a valley formed from glaciers is usually V-shaped.
Basins, on the other hand, are typically circular. Creeks and streams are characteristics of a basin, and they assist in draining the water that falls on the surface into a river and then conducted to the ocean. By definition, a basin is a depression on the earth’s surface, which is surrounded by land that is elevated. A valley is also depression or cavity between the hills, uplands, and mountains.