Climatology is studying the atmosphere's behavior and changes in temperature, pressure, and other factors over time. Climatology is a division of atmospheric science, but the study of climate can be connected to every other aspect of the earth scheme including the geosphere and hydrosphere. Climate affects all the Earth's surface. Climatology involves the weather since it pertains to precipitation, wind speed, and cloud formation. Meteorology is deemed a branch of atmospheric science that handles issues regarding the weather. It deals with weather changes that occur over a short period of time. The main tools employed by meteorologists include barometers and thermometers. Meteorology is the study of atmospheric conditions daily, which indicates consistent changes in atmospheric pressure. Climatology science deals with predicted long-term changes, while meteorology deals with short-term weather fluctuations from hours to days.
Climatology can be defined as the study of the atmospheric behavior, as well as changes in pressure, temperature, and other atmospheric factors for some time. Climatology is considered a branch of atmospheric science, and it extends its studies to other aspects of the earth system, such as the hydrosphere (terrestrial water reserves) and geosphere (solid earth). Two major areas of climate are put under study by climate scientists or climatologists, which are historical climatology and paleoclimatology. In contrast, meteorology can be defined as the study of the weather or the entire atmospheric processes, which includes temperature, chemical composition, and air pressure. Meteorology is seen as a branch of atmospheric science that deals with the phenomena and changes of weather over a short timescale. The basic tools that are used by meteorologists are traditional instruments like thermometers and barometers. Lately, the study of meteorology has seriously involved the use of the computer.
When you say climatology, this refers to the study of the climate over an extended period of time. Meteorology, on the other hand, will be in charge of the study of the weather events that may occur over a few weeks. Climatology will be more focused on the frequency and the trends of the different events that may happen during a long period. Weather events will be easier to predict with the use of climatology as a study. Take note that there are different types of climatology that are available depending on what is being focused on. Meteorology will also have different types depending on the needed specialization.