A series circuit attempts to have the same amount of current flow through all the components placed inline. The elements are in the same path of the current flow. When components, such as resistors, are put in a series circuit connection, the same current flows through these resistors. Still, each will have different voltages, providing that the amount of resistance is contradictory.
The voltage of the whole circuit equals the amount of current in every resistor. The other type of connection is called parallel. The parts of this circuit are not inline or in a series, but they are parallel.
The parts are wired into isolated loops. This circuit will then separate the current flow, and the current flowing through each part will then combine to produce the current moving through each component, which connects to create the current flowing into the source.
The number one difference between short circuit in a series and a parallel circuit is the arrangement of all the electrical components in each circuit. For instance, all the electrical components of a series circuit are arranged to have a linear path. With this arrangement, the same current flows through all the components. A parallel circuit uses a different arrangement. For a parallel circuit, all the electrical elements that make up the circuit are parallel to one another. With this arrangement, the current that flows through each component differs. A short circuit can occur if the current flows through a wrong path, or if this path of the current has low resistance. If a short circuit occurs in a series circuit, the current will affect all electrical components in that circuit, and they will stop working. On the contrary, if a short circuit occurs in a parallel circuit, it will only affect one part of that circuit and not all the components.
If you would see that there is a short circuit in a series circuit, then you shall see that one of the components would blow up all of the entire circuits. This means that all of the components should stop working. When you say parallel, this means that if there is a short circuit, there are some parts of the components that may stop working but all the other paths that are available will just continue working as if nothing is wrong. It is important that you will know the type of circuit that your items may have because this will allow you to know what to do if in case something goes wrong.