Protoplasm is defined as the entire contents of a cell comprising the nucleus and the cytoplasm. It is a semi-fluid, transparent substance that is the living matter of the plant and animal cells.
Cytoplasm, on the other hand, refers to the content of a cell except for the nucleus. It includes the cytosol, organelles, vesicles, and the cytoskeleton. The cytosol is the aqueous solution of the cell’s cytoplasm. It consists of water, organic molecules, and inorganic ions.
An organelle is a specialized structure found inside a cell that carries out a specific life process. Examples are the Golgi apparatus, mitochondria, lysosome, and ribosome.
Cytoskeleton refers to a matric of intercellular protein in the form of microfilaments and microtubules that provide rigidity to the cell.
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A. Boaz, Mechanical Engineer, Diploma in Mechanical Engineering, Atlanta, Georgia
Answered Oct 08, 2019
Protoplasm is the entire content of a cell, and it contains both the nucleus and the cytoplasm. This shows that there is no big difference between cytoplasm and protoplasm. The cytoplasm is not a separate entity; it is part of the protoplasm. Protoplasm and cytoplasm are semi-fluid substances, and each has its own contents. While the protoplasm consists of cytoplasm, cell membrane, and the nucleus, the cytoplasm consists of organelles, vesicles, and cytosol. In other words, cytoplasm refers to the contents of a cell without the nucleus.
The cytosol in the cytoplasm consists of salts, water, and other organic materials, and the organelles in the cytoplasm consist of mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi body, ribosomes, etc. The ribosome is the site for protein synthesis. Protoplasm can be described as the living matter of animal cells. There are different types of processes that occur in the protoplasm, and the functionality of the whole body depends on those processes.
The significant difference between cytoplasm and protoplasm is that cytoplasm is the part of protoplasm which does not include the nucleus. The protoplasm is the existing content of a cell which consists of the cytoplasm and the core.
The cytoplasm is an ardent, luminous, homogeneous colloidal liquid, which consists of organelles, proteins, food reserves, and metabolic wastes that surround the nucleus. The primary compound of the cytoplasm is water. The protoplasm is the jelly-like intricate cell mass in which abundant biological and chemical activities take place in a living cell. It is a living part of the cell and the physical basis of life.
Cytoplasm and protoplasm are science terms used often when describing a cell. The cytoplasm is a clear liquid that can be found around the nucleus in a cell. It has different things in it, including proteins, waste, and food. When talking about the cytoplasm, you do not include the nucleus. It is just the stuff that surrounds the nucleus. Protoplasm, on the other hand, does include the nucleus when talking about it.
The protoplasm actually also includes the cytoplasm among other things. Protoplasm seems to be more important than cytoplasm because it is considered to be the physical basis of life. The main difference between protoplasm and cytoplasm has to do with the nucleus and whether it is included or not.