Inductive and deductive teaching and learning are essential in education. The two are distinct and opposing instructional and learning methods or approaches. Inductive teaching and learning mean that the flow of information is from specific to general. Inductive learning is more focused on the individual student.
Deductive learning s more focused on the teacher. The deductive method introduces a concept, and it’s processed before applying it in a test or activity. In the inductive method, the test is introduced first before the discussion of the concept is applied.
The deductive approach is used in large classroom settings, while the inductive method is personalized, and the concepts are more easily remembered or understood.
In school and real life, you have to induce and deduce information. These terms are opposites in meaning. When you deduce, you are going from general to specific. You are usually concluding. Detectives in law enforcement usually use their deductive skills to come to a specific conclusion based on the clues that they have received or learned about the crime.
Inductive reasoning refers to going from specific to general. In this case, a general statement is usually made about something. A premise is usually included that is similar to an inference because it is a statement in an argument that is believed to be true based on proof. It is with that, the deductions are being made to argue the case.