What was the Fengjian system? - ProProfs Discuss
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What was the Fengjian system?

Asked by K. Tanaka, Last updated: May 16, 2022

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2 Answers

Bobby Rickets

Bobby Rickets

Bobby Rickets
Bobby Rickets, Content Reviewer

Answered Jan 17, 2019

The Fengjian system in Ancient China resembled the later feudal system in medieval Europe. There was a clear hierarchy and expectation of roles that meant everyone 'knew his place'. The feudal lords were rich and had the power to protect.

The Fengjian system in Ancient China resembled the later feudal system in medieval Europe. There

Their needs were met by the knights who were educated and academic, and by farmers who gave over their products in return for protection. The country was governed by independent states, which worked well for quite a long time, each state having its own ruler.

The whole system derived from the ideology of Confucius. There were four classes: knights, craftsmen, farmers and merchant/traders. A good time for those with artistic skill, to be ranked only second to knights!

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Samantha Stewart

Samantha Stewart

Love to do some charity work. Have a passion for writing and do it in my spare time

Samantha Stewart
Samantha Stewart, Philanthropist, Post Graduate, Corpus Christi

Answered Jan 08, 2019

Fengjian system was a political ideology from Confucian and “Legalist” philosophers during the latter reign of the Zhou dynasty of ancient China.It formed a decentralized government based on 4 types of occupations – the shi (the “knightly” scholars), the gong (artisan and craftsmen), the nong (the peasant farmers) and the shang (the merchant and the traders).

Fengjian system was a political ideology from Confucian and “Legalist” philosophers

Each state was independent and had its own tax and legal systems along with its unique currency.
Fengjian system has been compared to European Feudalism, but many scholars have argued that Fengjian lacks some fundamental aspects of feudalism.

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