Robespierre the architect behind the French Revolution’s Reign of Terror was removed from power by the National Convention. The committee of Public safety which was the ruling body led by Robespierre had encouraged the execution of thousands by guillotine.
He was removed from power, arrested and taken to Luxembourg prison in Paris, but the warden refused to jail him, and he fled to the Hotel de Ville. The National convention attacked the Hotel and seized Robespierre and his allies.
The next day, he was executed with 21 of his followers by guillotined without a trial before a cheering mob in the Place de la Revolution in Paris. During the next few days, about 82 Robespierre followers were executed.