Giant Pandas are most at risk for extinction. Pandas were reaffirmed as endangered, one step closer to extinction than vulnerable, despite China's attempts to protect the species. The giant panda is a protection reliant vulnerable species. Continued habitat loss and habitat fragmentation threaten these bears. The giant panda has been the prey of thieving by inhabitants since ancient times, and by non-natives since it was introduced to the west.
Starting in the 1930's, foreigners were unable to poach giant pandas in China, but pandas remained a source of soft fur for the locals. Famines led to the escalated hunting of wildlife, including pandas. Demand for panda skin led to illegal poaching. The National Nature Reserve was set up by the government to save the declining panda population.