Just like every other invention, somebody invented the camera. Niepce made the first camera. He also developed different types of lenses and this is why he is also known as the father of modern photography. The camera he developed was called the camera obscure. To use the camera you needed a dark room where the pictures were developed.
The first camera was made in 1816. It is after the retrograde models and resembled the camera system we know today. A Frenchman called Nicephore Niepce developed it. The pictures that were taken either were saved or were lost yielding us the historical treasure today.
History shows that the first camera was actually given the name of the camera obscura. This type of camera would bring forth the birth of the dark room which photography is so much more noted for these days. Obscura in Latin actually means 'dark room'. The camera obscura had a small opening at the front which was directed towards an object.
An inverted image is then projected inside of the camera. This method actually gets its origins and traces back to the ancient Chinese. The Arabs of the 11th century were also known to use the camera obscura method. The first camera that was made in the sense that we know cameras today was made in 1816 and history bestows that honor to a Frenchman by the name of Nicephore Niepce. He had a small camera that used paper and silver cholride, two materials that would create the world of photography that would be one of the most influentual in the history of the world. Niepce was known for working with local Paris based opticians and using lenses from them to tinker with the projections of his cameras. One can easily say that without a doubt that it was Niepce that made the first camera and could be noted pretty much as the Father of Modern Photography.