The correct answer to this question is meteorite. A meteor is defined as a chunk of burning rock or dust that is traveling through Earth's atmosphere. This rock or dust may have originally broken off from a comet or an asteroid. This burning rock or dust often causes a streak of light to be seen in the sky, which is also colloquially known as a falling star or a shooting star. The vast majority of meteors burn up in Earth's atmosphere, but if a meteor does survive its trip through the atmosphere and lands on Earth's surface, it is known as a meteorite.