Dictionary.com defines Zionism as a noun which means “a worldwide Jewish movement that resulted in the establishment and development of the state of Israel”. The word was coined in 1890 by Nathan Birnbaum. Birnbaum studied law, philosophy and Near Eastern studied at the University of Vienna from 1882 to 1886.
He was one of the founders of central European Zionism. He was also a journalist and essayist who wrote many Jewish pamphlets and periodicals in central Europe in the German language. He lived in Vienna and in Germany. He left Germany around 1933 for the Netherlands after the rise of Nazism and he died in the Netherlands in 1937.