Nitrogen chloride or trichloramine is an unstable ionic compound formed when an ammonium salt is completely chlorinated. Simply speaking, a reaction between ammonium nitrate and chlorine can form it. There are stages in this reaction and the mixture has compounds such as chloramine and dichloramine as intermediate products. Complete Chlorination is important for the final product to have only Nitrogen Trichloride.
The product formed is an explosive oily liquid. It is so explosive that even the slightest jerk can blow it up. It has the chemical formula NCl3.
Covalent bonding is a type of chemical bonding which is characterized by atoms sharing electrons. For nitrogen and chlorine to covalently bond, nitrogen needs 3 electrons. Chlorine only has one electron therefore two more chlorine molecules are needed. Because one atom of nitrogen needs 3 atoms of chlorine to bond, the formula will be NCl3.
Since one atom of Nitrogen needs 3 electrons and one of Chlorine only needs 1....
Simply bring another two atoms of Chlorine in.
Nitrogen will get 3 electrons, 1 each from the three atoms of chlorine
And the 3 atoms of chlorine will get 1 electron each from Nitrogen.
So, Nitrogen TriChlorides formula is NCl3.